Alaska Governor

Governor of Alaska

Seal of Alaska

Incumbent
Sean Parnell

since July 26, 2009

Residence Alaska Governor’s Mansion
Term length Four years, can succeed self once
Inaugural holder William Allen Egan
Formation January 3, 1959
Deputy Mead Treadwell
Salary $125,000 (2009)[1]
Website gov.state.ak.us

The Governor of Alaska is the [3]

Nine people have served as governor of the State of Alaska over 11 distinct terms, though Alaska had over 30 civilian and military governors during its long history as a United States territory. Only one governor was born in Alaska. Two people, William Allen Egan and Wally Hickel, have been elected to multiple non-consecutive terms as governor. Hickel is also noted for a rare third party win in American politics, having been elected to a term in 1990 representing the Alaskan Independence Party. The longest-serving governor of the state was Egan, who was elected three times and served nearly 12 years. The longest-serving territorial governor was Ernest Gruening, who served 13½ years.

The current governor is Sean Parnell, who took office on July 26, 2009, following the resignation of Sarah Palin. Parnell was elected to a full term in 2010.

Contents

[edit] Governors

Jefferson C. Davis, first commander of the Department of Alaska

Alfred P. Swineford, second governor of the District of Alaska

Ernest Gruening, sixth governor of Alaska Territory, and one of the first two U.S. senators from Alaska

Jay Hammond, fourth governor of Alaska

Sarah Palin, ninth and first female governor of Alaska and 2008 Republican vice-presidential nominee

Alaska was purchased by the United States from Russia in 1867, with formal transfer occurring on October 18, 1867, which is now celebrated as Alaska Day.[4] Prior to then, it was known as Russian America or Russian Alaska, controlled by the governors and general managers of the Russian-American Company.

[edit] Commanders of the Department of Alaska

The vast region was initially designated the Department of Alaska, under the jurisdiction of the Department of War and administered by U.S. Army officers until 1877, when the Army was withdrawn from Alaska. The Department of the Treasury then took control, with the Collector of Customs as the highest ranking federal official in the territory. In 1879, the U.S. Navy was given jurisdiction over the department.[5]

Some believe the first American administrator of Alaska was Polish immigrant Włodzimierz Krzyżanowski. However, the Anchorage Daily News was unable to find any conclusive information to support this claim.[6]

Commander Took office Left office
United States Army
Brevet Major General Jefferson C. Davis October 18, 1867 August 31, 1870
Brevet Lieutenant Colonel George K. Brady September 1, 1870 September 22, 1870
Maj. John C. Tidball September 23, 1870 September 19, 1871
Maj. Harvey A. Allen September 20, 1871 January 3, 1873
Maj. Joseph Stewart January 4, 1873 April 20, 1874
Captain George R. Rodney April 21, 1874 August 16, 1874
Capt. Joseph B. Campbell August 17, 1874 June 14, 1876
Capt. John Mendenhall June 15, 1876 March 4, 1877
Capt. Arthur Morris March 5, 1877 June 14, 1877
United States Department of the Treasury
Montgomery P. Berry June 14, 1877 August 13, 1877
H.C. DeAhna August 14, 1877 March 26, 1878
Mottrom D. Ball March 27, 1878 June 13, 1879
United States Navy
Capt. Lester A. Beardslee June 14, 1879 September 12, 1880
Commander Henry Glass September 13, 1880 August 9, 1881
Cmdr. Edward P. Lull August 10, 1881 October 18, 1881
Cmdr. Henry Glass October 19, 1881 March 12, 1882
Cmdr. Frederick Pearson March 13, 1882 October 3, 1882
Cmdr. Edgar C. Merriman October 4, 1882 September 13, 1883
Cmdr. Joseph Coghlan September 15, 1883 September 13, 1884
Cmdr. Henry E. Nichols September 14, 1884 September 15, 1884

[edit] Governors of the District of Alaska

On May 17, 1884, the Department of Alaska was redesignated the President of the United States.

Governor Took office Left office Appointed by
Kinkead, John HenryJohn Henry Kinkead 01884-07-04July 4, 1884 01885-05-07May 7, 1885 Arthur, Chester A.Chester A. Arthur
Swineford, Alfred P.Alfred P. Swineford 01885-05-07May 7, 1885 01889-04-20April 20, 1889 Cleveland, GroverGrover Cleveland
Knapp, Lyman EnosLyman Enos Knapp 01889-04-20April 20, 1889 01893-06-18June 18, 1893 Harrison, BenjaminBenjamin Harrison
Sheakley, JamesJames Sheakley 01893-06-18June 18, 1893 01897-06-23June 23, 1897 Cleveland, GroverGrover Cleveland
Brady, John GreenJohn Green Brady 01897-06-23June 23, 1897 01906-03-02March 2, 1906[a] McKinley, WilliamWilliam McKinley
Hoggatt, Wilford BaconWilford Bacon Hoggatt 01906-03-10March 10, 1906[8] 01909-05-20May 20, 1909 Roosevelt, TheodoreTheodore Roosevelt
Clark, Walter EliWalter Eli Clark 01909-05-20May 20, 1909 01913-04-18April 18, 1913 Taft, William HowardWilliam Howard Taft

[edit] Governors of the Territory of Alaska

The District of Alaska was organized into Alaska Territory on August 24, 1912. Governors continued to be appointed by the President of the United States. During World War II, parts of the Aleutian Islands were occupied by Imperial Japan from June 5, 1942, to June 28, 1943.

Governor Took office Left office Appointed by Notes
Strong, John Franklin AlexanderJohn Franklin Alexander Strong 01913-04-18April 18, 1913 01918-04-12April 12, 1918 Wilson, WoodrowWoodrow Wilson [b]
Riggs, Jr., ThomasThomas Riggs, Jr. 01918-04-12April 12, 1918 01921-06-16June 16, 1921 Wilson, WoodrowWoodrow Wilson
Bone, Scott CordelleScott Cordelle Bone 01921-06-16June 16, 1921 01925-08-16August 16, 1925 Harding, Warren G.Warren G. Harding
Parks, George AlexanderGeorge Alexander Parks 01925-08-16August 16, 1925 01933-04-19April 19, 1933 Coolidge, CalvinCalvin Coolidge
Troy, John WeirJohn Weir Troy 01933-04-19April 19, 1933 01939-12-06December 6, 1939 Roosevelt, Franklin DelanoFranklin Delano Roosevelt
Gruening, ErnestErnest Gruening 01939-12-06December 6, 1939 01953-04-10April 10, 1953 Roosevelt, Franklin DelanoFranklin Delano Roosevelt [c]
Heintzleman, B. FrankB. Frank Heintzleman 01953-04-10April 10, 1953 01957-01-03January 3, 1957 Eisenhower, Dwight D.Dwight D. Eisenhower [d]
Hendrickson, Waino EdwardWaino Edward Hendrickson 01957-01-03January 3, 1957 01957-04-08April 8, 1957 Acting [e]
Stepovich, MikeMike Stepovich 01957-04-08April 8, 1957 01958-08-09August 9, 1958 Eisenhower, Dwight D.Dwight D. Eisenhower [f]
Hendrickson, Waino EdwardWaino Edward Hendrickson 01958-08-09August 9, 1958 01959-01-03January 3, 1959 Acting [e]

[edit] Governors of the State of Alaska

Alaska was admitted to the Union on January 3, 1959.

The [16]

There have been six governors from the Alaskan Independence Party during his second period in office. Many Republicans were unhappy with the choice of Arliss Sturgulewski as their party’s candidate for governor in the 1990 election, and Hickel was able to attract their votes. However, he never held the AIP’s secessionist ideals, and switched back to the Republican Party eight months before his term ended.

      [g]

#[i] Governor Term start Term end Party Lieutenant Governor[j] Terms[k]
1   William Allen Egan January 3, 1959 December 5, 1966 Democratic   Hugh Wade 2
2 Wally Hickel December 5, 1966 January 29, 1969 Republican Keith Harvey Miller 12[l]
3 Keith Harvey Miller January 29, 1969 December 7, 1970 Republican Robert W. Ward 12[m]
1 William Allen Egan December 7, 1970 December 2, 1974 Democratic H. A. Boucher 1
4 Jay Hammond December 2, 1974 December 6, 1982 Republican Lowell Thomas, Jr. 2
Terry Miller
5 Bill Sheffield December 6, 1982 December 1, 1986 Democratic Stephen McAlpine 1
6 Steve Cowper December 1, 1986 December 3, 1990 Democratic Stephen McAlpine 1
2 Wally Hickel December 3, 1990 December 5, 1994 Alaskan Independence Jack Coghill[n] 1[o]
Republican
7 Tony Knowles December 5, 1994 December 2, 2002 Democratic Fran Ulmer 2
8 Frank Murkowski December 2, 2002 December 4, 2006 Republican Loren Leman 1
9 Sarah Palin December 4, 2006 July 26, 2009 Republican Sean Parnell 12[p]
10 Sean Parnell July 26, 2009 Incumbent Republican Craig Campbell[q] 1 12[s]
Mead Treadwell

[edit] Other high offices held

Five of Alaska’s governors have served other high offices, including a U.S. Congress, although only two represented Alaska. One (marked with *) resigned his office to be the Secretary of the Interior, and one (marked with dagger) resigned his position as senator to take office as governor.

Governor Gubernatorial term Other offices held Source
Kinkead, John HenryJohn Henry Kinkead 1884–1885 Governor of Nevada [22]
Sheakley, JamesJames Sheakley 1893–1897 Pennsylvania [23]
Gruening, ErnestErnest Gruening 1939–1953 Senator from Alaska [24]
Hickel, WallyWally Hickel 1966–1969, 1990–1994 Secretary of the Interior* [25]
Murkowski, FrankFrank Murkowski 2002–2006 Senator from Alaskadagger [26]

[edit] Living former governors

As of March 2011, seven former governors were alive, including Mike Stepovich, the last living pre-statehood governor in the United States. The most recent death of a former governor was that of Wally Hickel (1966–1969, 1990–1994), who died on May 7, 2010.

Governor Term in office Date of birth
Mike Stepovich 1957–1958 (1919-03-12) March 12, 1919 (age 93)
Keith Harvey Miller 1969–1970 (1925-03-01) March 1, 1925 (age 87)
Bill Sheffield 1982–1986 (1928-06-26) June 26, 1928 (age 84)
Steve Cowper 1986–1990 (1938-08-21) August 21, 1938 (age 74)
Tony Knowles 1994–2002 (1943-01-01) January 1, 1943 (age 69)
Frank Murkowski 2002–2006 (1933-03-28) March 28, 1933 (age 79)
Sarah Palin 2006–2009 (1964-02-11) February 11, 1964 (age 48)

[edit] See also

[edit] Notes

  1. [7]
  2. [9]
  3. [10]
  4. [11]
  5. ^ [12]
  6. [12]
  7. ^ b Includes one partial term served by a repeat governor, who also represented another party during this term.
  8. ^ Includes one term served by a repeat governor.
  9. [17] Subsequent terms for repeat governors are marked with their original number italicized.
  10. [16]
  11. ^ The fractional terms of some governors are not to be understood absolutely literally; rather, they are meant to show single terms during which multiple governors served, due to resignations, deaths and the like.
  12. ^ Resigned to become United States Secretary of the Interior.
  13. ^ As secretary of state, filled unexpired term.
  14. ^ Represented the Alaskan Independence Party.
  15. [18]
  16. [19]
  17. [21]
  18. ^ As lieutenant governor, filled unexpired term and was subsequently elected in his own right.
  19. ^ Governor Parnell’s first full term expires December 1, 2014; he is not yet term limited.

[edit] References

General
Constitution
Specific
  1. ^ “Alaska Statutes Title 39. Chapter 20. Section 10. Annual Salary of Governor”. 2009 Alaska Statutes. Alaska Legal Resource Center. http://touchngo.com/lglcntr/akstats/Statutes/Title39/Chapter20/Section010.htm. Retrieved July 3, 2010.
  2. ^ AK Const. art. II, § 15
  3. ^ AK Const. art. III
  4. ^ “State Symbols”. Alaska Office of Economic Development. http://www.dced.state.ak.us/oed/student_info/student.htm. Retrieved August 26, 2008.
  5. ^ Gates p. 86
  6. ^ Ruskin, Liz (2002-12-20). “Barking up the wrong Pole: Hero wasn’t governor”. Anchorage Daily News. http://www.arlingtoncemetery.net/wbkrzyzanowski.htm. Retrieved August 26, 2008.
  7. 0-88240-045-2.
  8. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=9903E7D6103EE733A25752C1A9659C946797D6CF.
  9. 0-87140-565-2.
  10. http://books.google.com/?id=7r3U_KuP_Q0C.
  11. 0-8191-4556-4.
  12. ^ 0-8028-7041-4.
  13. ^ AK Const. art. III, § 4
  14. ^ AK Const. art. III, § 5
  15. ^ AK Const. art. III, § 11
  16. ^ http://ltgov.state.ak.us/services/constitution.php?section=3. Retrieved August 2, 2010.
  17. ^ “Sean Parnell, 10th Governor of Alaska”. State of Alaska. http://www.gov.state.ak.us/. Retrieved December 8, 2010.
  18. ^ “Alaska’s Gov. Hickel Rejoins Gop Amid Speculation Over Another Term”. The Seattle Times. April 15, 1994. http://community.seattletimes.nwsource.com/archive/?date=19940415&slug=1905548. Retrieved September 28, 2008.
  19. ^ Cockerham, Sean (July 7, 2009). “Palin says ethics investigations were paralyzing”. Anchorage Daily News. http://www.adn.com/palin/story/855907.html.
  20. ^ “Campbell Becomes Temporary Substitute LG”. State of Alaska. July 26, 2009. http://ltgov.alaska.gov/campbell/lieutenant-governor/full-press-release.html?pr=5. Retrieved August 2, 2010.
  21. ^ “House Journal, Alaska State Legislature, Twenty-Sixth Legislature, First Special Session”. State of Alaska. August 10, 2009. http://www.legis.state.ak.us/basis/get_single_journal.asp?session=26&date=20090810&beg_page=1247&end_page=1258&chamber=H. Retrieved December 17, 2009.
  22. ^ “Nevada Governor John Henry Kinkead”. National Governor’s Association. http://www.nga.org/portal/site/nga/menuitem.29fab9fb4add37305ddcbeeb501010a0/?vgnextoid=e68c2243a15a7010VgnVCM1000001a01010aRCRD&vgnextchannel=e449a0ca9e3f1010VgnVCM1000001a01010aRCRD. Retrieved August 14, 2008.
  23. ^ “Sheakley, James”. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Clerk of the United States House of Representatives and Historian of the United States Senate. http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=S000313. Retrieved August 13, 2008.
  24. ^ “Gruening, Ernest”. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Clerk of the United States House of Representatives and Historian of the United States Senate. http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=G000508. Retrieved August 13, 2008.
  25. ^ “Alaska Governor Walter J. Hickel”. National Governors Association. http://www.nga.org/portal/site/nga/menuitem.29fab9fb4add37305ddcbeeb501010a0/?vgnextoid=1307ae3effb81010VgnVCM1000001a01010aRCRD&vgnextchannel=e449a0ca9e3f1010VgnVCM1000001a01010aRCRD. Retrieved October 15, 2008.
  26. ^ “Murkowski, Frank Hughes”. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Clerk of the United States House of Representatives and Historian of the United States Senate. http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=M001085. Retrieved August 13, 2008.

[edit] External links



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