|Governor of Alaska|
Seal of Alaska
|Residence||Alaska Governor’s Mansion|
|Term length||Four years, can succeed self once|
|Inaugural holder||William Allen Egan|
|Formation||January 3, 1959|
The Governor of Alaska is the 
Nine people have served as governor of the State of Alaska over 11 distinct terms, though Alaska had over 30 civilian and military governors during its long history as a United States territory. Only one governor was born in Alaska. Two people, William Allen Egan and Wally Hickel, have been elected to multiple non-consecutive terms as governor. Hickel is also noted for a rare third party win in American politics, having been elected to a term in 1990 representing the Alaskan Independence Party. The longest-serving governor of the state was Egan, who was elected three times and served nearly 12 years. The longest-serving territorial governor was Ernest Gruening, who served 13½ years.
Alaska was purchased by the United States from Russia in 1867, with formal transfer occurring on October 18, 1867, which is now celebrated as Alaska Day. Prior to then, it was known as Russian America or Russian Alaska, controlled by the governors and general managers of the Russian-American Company.
 Commanders of the Department of Alaska
The vast region was initially designated the Department of Alaska, under the jurisdiction of the Department of War and administered by U.S. Army officers until 1877, when the Army was withdrawn from Alaska. The Department of the Treasury then took control, with the Collector of Customs as the highest ranking federal official in the territory. In 1879, the U.S. Navy was given jurisdiction over the department.
Some believe the first American administrator of Alaska was Polish immigrant Włodzimierz Krzyżanowski. However, the Anchorage Daily News was unable to find any conclusive information to support this claim.
|Commander||Took office||Left office|
|United States Army|
|Brevet Major General Jefferson C. Davis||October 18, 1867||August 31, 1870|
|Brevet Lieutenant Colonel George K. Brady||September 1, 1870||September 22, 1870|
|Maj. John C. Tidball||September 23, 1870||September 19, 1871|
|Maj. Harvey A. Allen||September 20, 1871||January 3, 1873|
|Maj. Joseph Stewart||January 4, 1873||April 20, 1874|
|Captain George R. Rodney||April 21, 1874||August 16, 1874|
|Capt. Joseph B. Campbell||August 17, 1874||June 14, 1876|
|Capt. John Mendenhall||June 15, 1876||March 4, 1877|
|Capt. Arthur Morris||March 5, 1877||June 14, 1877|
|United States Department of the Treasury|
|Montgomery P. Berry||June 14, 1877||August 13, 1877|
|H.C. DeAhna||August 14, 1877||March 26, 1878|
|Mottrom D. Ball||March 27, 1878||June 13, 1879|
|United States Navy|
|Capt. Lester A. Beardslee||June 14, 1879||September 12, 1880|
|Commander Henry Glass||September 13, 1880||August 9, 1881|
|Cmdr. Edward P. Lull||August 10, 1881||October 18, 1881|
|Cmdr. Henry Glass||October 19, 1881||March 12, 1882|
|Cmdr. Frederick Pearson||March 13, 1882||October 3, 1882|
|Cmdr. Edgar C. Merriman||October 4, 1882||September 13, 1883|
|Cmdr. Joseph Coghlan||September 15, 1883||September 13, 1884|
|Cmdr. Henry E. Nichols||September 14, 1884||September 15, 1884|
 Governors of the District of Alaska
On May 17, 1884, the Department of Alaska was redesignated the President of the United States.
|Governor||Took office||Left office||Appointed by|
|John Henry Kinkead||July 4, 1884||May 7, 1885||Chester A. Arthur|
|Alfred P. Swineford||May 7, 1885||April 20, 1889||Grover Cleveland|
|Lyman Enos Knapp||April 20, 1889||June 18, 1893||Benjamin Harrison|
|James Sheakley||June 18, 1893||June 23, 1897||Grover Cleveland|
|John Green Brady||June 23, 1897||March 2, 1906[a]||William McKinley|
|Wilford Bacon Hoggatt||March 10, 1906||May 20, 1909||Theodore Roosevelt|
|Walter Eli Clark||May 20, 1909||April 18, 1913||William Howard Taft|
 Governors of the Territory of Alaska
The District of Alaska was organized into Alaska Territory on August 24, 1912. Governors continued to be appointed by the President of the United States. During World War II, parts of the Aleutian Islands were occupied by Imperial Japan from June 5, 1942, to June 28, 1943.
|Governor||Took office||Left office||Appointed by||Notes|
|John Franklin Alexander Strong||April 18, 1913||April 12, 1918||Woodrow Wilson||[b]|
|Thomas Riggs, Jr.||April 12, 1918||June 16, 1921||Woodrow Wilson|
|Scott Cordelle Bone||June 16, 1921||August 16, 1925||Warren G. Harding|
|George Alexander Parks||August 16, 1925||April 19, 1933||Calvin Coolidge|
|John Weir Troy||April 19, 1933||December 6, 1939||Franklin Delano Roosevelt|
|Ernest Gruening||December 6, 1939||April 10, 1953||Franklin Delano Roosevelt||[c]|
|B. Frank Heintzleman||April 10, 1953||January 3, 1957||Dwight D. Eisenhower||[d]|
|Waino Edward Hendrickson||January 3, 1957||April 8, 1957||Acting||[e]|
|Mike Stepovich||April 8, 1957||August 9, 1958||Dwight D. Eisenhower||[f]|
|Waino Edward Hendrickson||August 9, 1958||January 3, 1959||Acting||[e]|
 Governors of the State of Alaska
Alaska was admitted to the Union on January 3, 1959.
There have been six governors from the Alaskan Independence Party during his second period in office. Many Republicans were unhappy with the choice of Arliss Sturgulewski as their party’s candidate for governor in the 1990 election, and Hickel was able to attract their votes. However, he never held the AIP’s secessionist ideals, and switched back to the Republican Party eight months before his term ended.
|#[i]||Governor||Term start||Term end||Party||Lieutenant Governor[j]||Terms[k]|
|1||William Allen Egan||January 3, 1959||December 5, 1966||Democratic||Hugh Wade||2|
|2||Wally Hickel||December 5, 1966||January 29, 1969||Republican||Keith Harvey Miller||1⁄2[l]|
|3||Keith Harvey Miller||January 29, 1969||December 7, 1970||Republican||Robert W. Ward||1⁄2[m]|
|1||William Allen Egan||December 7, 1970||December 2, 1974||Democratic||H. A. Boucher||1|
|4||Jay Hammond||December 2, 1974||December 6, 1982||Republican||Lowell Thomas, Jr.||2|
|5||Bill Sheffield||December 6, 1982||December 1, 1986||Democratic||Stephen McAlpine||1|
|6||Steve Cowper||December 1, 1986||December 3, 1990||Democratic||Stephen McAlpine||1|
|2||Wally Hickel||December 3, 1990||December 5, 1994||Alaskan Independence||Jack Coghill[n]||1[o]|
|7||Tony Knowles||December 5, 1994||December 2, 2002||Democratic||Fran Ulmer||2|
|8||Frank Murkowski||December 2, 2002||December 4, 2006||Republican||Loren Leman||1|
|9||Sarah Palin||December 4, 2006||July 26, 2009||Republican||Sean Parnell||1⁄2[p]|
|10||Sean Parnell||July 26, 2009||Incumbent||Republican||Craig Campbell[q]||1 1⁄2[s]|
 Other high offices held
Five of Alaska’s governors have served other high offices, including a U.S. Congress, although only two represented Alaska. One (marked with *) resigned his office to be the Secretary of the Interior, and one (marked with ) resigned his position as senator to take office as governor.
|Governor||Gubernatorial term||Other offices held||Source|
|John Henry Kinkead||1884–1885||Governor of Nevada|||
|Ernest Gruening||1939–1953||Senator from Alaska|||
|Wally Hickel||1966–1969, 1990–1994||Secretary of the Interior*|||
|Frank Murkowski||2002–2006||Senator from Alaska|||
 Living former governors
As of March 2011[update], seven former governors were alive, including Mike Stepovich, the last living pre-statehood governor in the United States. The most recent death of a former governor was that of Wally Hickel (1966–1969, 1990–1994), who died on May 7, 2010.
|Governor||Term in office||Date of birth|
|Mike Stepovich||1957–1958||March 12, 1919|
|Keith Harvey Miller||1969–1970||March 1, 1925|
|Bill Sheffield||1982–1986||June 26, 1928|
|Steve Cowper||1986–1990||August 21, 1938|
|Tony Knowles||1994–2002||January 1, 1943|
|Frank Murkowski||2002–2006||March 28, 1933|
|Sarah Palin||2006–2009||February 11, 1964|
 See also
- Includes one partial term served by a repeat governor, who also represented another party during this term.
- Includes one term served by a repeat governor.
- The fractional terms of some governors are not to be understood absolutely literally; rather, they are meant to show single terms during which multiple governors served, due to resignations, deaths and the like.
- Resigned to become United States Secretary of the Interior.
- As secretary of state, filled unexpired term.
- Represented the Alaskan Independence Party.
- As lieutenant governor, filled unexpired term and was subsequently elected in his own right.
- Governor Parnell’s first full term expires December 1, 2014; he is not yet term limited.
- “Governors of Alaska”. http://www.nga.org/portal/site/nga/menuitem.8fd3d12ab65b304f8a278110501010a0?submit=Submit&State=AK. Retrieved August 1, 2007.
- Gates, Nancy (2007). The Alaska Almanac: Facts about Alaska (30th ed.). Graphic Arts Center Publishing Co.. pp. 85–87. ISBN 0-88240-652-3. http://books.google.com/?id=g_0sbbGO69gC. Retrieved August 3, 2010.
- “Constitution of the State of Alaska”. Alaska State Legislature. 1956. http://www.legis.state.ak.us/basis/folioproxy.asp?url=http://wwwjnu01.legis.state.ak.us/cgi-bin/folioisa.dll/acontxt. Retrieved January 25, 2010.
- “Alaska Statutes Title 39. Chapter 20. Section 10. Annual Salary of Governor”. 2009 Alaska Statutes. Alaska Legal Resource Center. http://touchngo.com/lglcntr/akstats/Statutes/Title39/Chapter20/Section010.htm. Retrieved July 3, 2010.
- AK Const. art. II, § 15
- AK Const. art. III
- “State Symbols”. Alaska Office of Economic Development. http://www.dced.state.ak.us/oed/student_info/student.htm. Retrieved August 26, 2008.
- Gates p. 86
- Ruskin, Liz (2002-12-20). “Barking up the wrong Pole: Hero wasn’t governor”. Anchorage Daily News. http://www.arlingtoncemetery.net/wbkrzyzanowski.htm. Retrieved August 26, 2008.
- AK Const. art. III, § 4
- AK Const. art. III, § 5
- AK Const. art. III, § 11
- . Retrieved August 2, 2010.
- “Sean Parnell, 10th Governor of Alaska”. State of Alaska. http://www.gov.state.ak.us/. Retrieved December 8, 2010.
- “Alaska’s Gov. Hickel Rejoins Gop Amid Speculation Over Another Term”. The Seattle Times. April 15, 1994. http://community.seattletimes.nwsource.com/archive/?date=19940415&slug=1905548. Retrieved September 28, 2008.
- Cockerham, Sean (July 7, 2009). “Palin says ethics investigations were paralyzing”. Anchorage Daily News. http://www.adn.com/palin/story/855907.html.
- “Campbell Becomes Temporary Substitute LG”. State of Alaska. July 26, 2009. http://ltgov.alaska.gov/campbell/lieutenant-governor/full-press-release.html?pr=5. Retrieved August 2, 2010.
- “House Journal, Alaska State Legislature, Twenty-Sixth Legislature, First Special Session”. State of Alaska. August 10, 2009. http://www.legis.state.ak.us/basis/get_single_journal.asp?session=26&date=20090810&beg_page=1247&end_page=1258&chamber=H. Retrieved December 17, 2009.
- “Nevada Governor John Henry Kinkead”. National Governor’s Association. http://www.nga.org/portal/site/nga/menuitem.29fab9fb4add37305ddcbeeb501010a0/?vgnextoid=e68c2243a15a7010VgnVCM1000001a01010aRCRD&vgnextchannel=e449a0ca9e3f1010VgnVCM1000001a01010aRCRD. Retrieved August 14, 2008.
- “Sheakley, James”. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Clerk of the United States House of Representatives and Historian of the United States Senate. http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=S000313. Retrieved August 13, 2008.
- “Gruening, Ernest”. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Clerk of the United States House of Representatives and Historian of the United States Senate. http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=G000508. Retrieved August 13, 2008.
- “Alaska Governor Walter J. Hickel”. National Governors Association. http://www.nga.org/portal/site/nga/menuitem.29fab9fb4add37305ddcbeeb501010a0/?vgnextoid=1307ae3effb81010VgnVCM1000001a01010aRCRD&vgnextchannel=e449a0ca9e3f1010VgnVCM1000001a01010aRCRD. Retrieved October 15, 2008.
- “Murkowski, Frank Hughes”. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Clerk of the United States House of Representatives and Historian of the United States Senate. http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=M001085. Retrieved August 13, 2008.
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